Treating your acne


INTRODUCTION: Acne is the most common skin disease of adolescence and has a major impact on patients’ quality of life. It is classified as a superficial follicular pustular dermatosis that can be inflammatory or noninflammatory.

Acne can have serious psychological consequences, which may persist long after the acne has cleared. These include anxiety, depression and low self-esteem that can result in social withdrawal, anger and frustration.

The aim of treatment is to prevent further progression of comedones to inflammatory lesions (papules, pustules and nodules) and to prevent scarring. The therapeutic strategy must be adapted to the severity of the lesions, the age of the patient and the presence or absence of scarring. The impact on quality of life should also be considered when choosing an appropriate treatment.

There are four main factors in the pathogenesis of acne: increased sebum production, abnormal follicular keratinization, bacterial proliferation (especially Propionibacterium acnes) and inflammation.

Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicles. It occurs when bacteria get into the hair follicles and cause inflammation. The condition most commonly affects the skin on a person’s arms, legs, buttocks, and scalp.

The first signs of folliculitis are small red bumps that look similar to acne. The bumps may be itchy or painful, and they may ooze pus. Sometimes, a pimple will form at the site of an inflamed hair follicle.

Anyone can develop folliculitis. However, people with certain conditions are more likely to develop the condition than others. These include:

obesity

diabetes

skin conditions, such as eczema or psoriasis

people who wear tight clothing or helmets for long periods of time

people who shave their face regularly

people with weakened immune systems

If you have folliculitis, you may have tried anti-acne medications or other treatments without success. But several effective therapies can help clear up this common skin condition.

Folliculitis is a condition in which hair follicles become inflamed. It’s usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection. Small red bumps or white-headed pimples surround individual hairs, and the affected area may be red and swollen. Common areas for folliculitis to appear are the face, neck, buttocks and thighs.

Folliculitis isn’t contagious and often clears up on its own within a few weeks. In some cases, though, it can last for months or even years. It sometimes recurs as well.

Treatment depends on what’s causing your folliculitis and how severe it is. To determine the cause of your condition, your doctor may take a sample of one of the bumps or scrapings from the affected area to examine under a microscope or send to a lab for a culture test.

What is folliculitis and how do you treat it?

Folliculitis is an infection of the hair follicle. It can be caused by bacteria or fungi. If a skin injury occurs, the bacteria can enter and attack the hair follicle. You may have heard of Staphylococcus aureus as a common cause of this type of infection.

It’s important to practice good hygiene to prevent bacteria from entering your body through a cut or abrasion on your skin. Good hygiene can also help prevent the spread of infection if you currently have folliculitis.

Some types of folliculitis are known as hot tub rash, razor bumps, and barber’s itch. Each type requires different treatment depending on its cause. We’ll look at each in more detail below.

Folliculitis is a skin condition in which hair follicles become infected. It’s usually caused by an infection of staph bacteria. It can also be caused by fungi or viruses.

Folliculitis is common and is not usually serious. However, it can cause discomfort, and in some cases, permanent hair loss and scarring. Mild folliculitis may go away on its own, but more serious cases may require treatment with prescription antibiotics.

The most common symptoms of folliculitis are small red bumps or white-headed pimples that develop around hair follicles — the tiny pockets from which each hair grows. The affected skin may be itchy or painful. In more severe cases, pus-filled blisters may form.

Folliculitis can occur almost anywhere on your body where you have hair follicles. However, it’s most often found on your:

scalp

face

neck

back

chest

buttocks

arms

Once you get past the teenage years, acne often improves. But for many adults, acne is a persistent problem.

Acne in adults is especially frustrating because it is harder to treat than teen acne. That’s because in teens, acne often can be treated with over-the-counter products. But these aren’t strong enough for the more severe forms of adult acne. Adults also tend to have more side effects from medicines used to treat acne than teenagers do.

If you have tried over-the-counter (nonprescription) acne products for several weeks and they haven’t helped, your doctor can prescribe stronger medications and discuss other possible treatments with you.

Here are some things you can do on your own:

– Wash your face twice a day with a mild soap and warm water. Rinse well. Don’t scrub your skin or use products that sting or burn your skin.

– Shampoo regularly. If you have oily hair or hair that gets greasy quickly, wash it every day or two with a mild shampoo containing salicylic acid (one brand name: Clear Regular Strength Daily Care).

– Try lotions that contain benzoyl peroxide (one brand name: Clearasil). These may cause dryness or mild irritation at first

Folliculitis is a skin condition caused by an inflammation of one or more hair follicles in a limited area. It’s usually caused by a bacterial or fungal infection.

Infections can spread from other areas of your body to the hair follicles, or they may be spread by sharing towels, razors, and clothing with someone who has the infection.

Folliculitis isn’t contagious, but it can spread if you scratch the affected area and then touch another part of your body.

Folliculitis is most common on the face, neck, armpits, buttocks, and thighs. It’s often mistaken for acne.

If you have folliculitis on your scalp, it may look like dandruff. If you have it on your beard area, it may look like razor bumps.

What causes folliculitis?

Common causes of folliculitis include:

Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria


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