What is acne and what causes it? What should you do if you have it? a helpful blog to all those who suffer from acne.


Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin.[10] It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring.[1][2][11] It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back.[12] The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem and, in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide.[3][13]

Early and aggressive treatment of acne is advocated by some in the medical community to decrease the overall long-term impact to individuals.[14] In general, a course of oral antibiotics lasting three months or more appears to be most effective.[15] Topical retinoids may be useful for preventing comedones and inflammatory lesions.[15] Benzoyl peroxide is useful for treating inflammatory lesions and comedones[15][16] but is generally poorly tolerated.[15][17] Azelaic acid may cause skin irritation but is otherwise very safe.[18] No adverse effects have been found with topical dapsone.[19][20][21] Treatment of

What is acne?

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

How does acne develop?

Acne develops when sebaceous (oil) glands attached to the hair follicles are stimulated at the time of puberty by circulating male hormones. The stimulation causes the glands to produce an oily substance called sebum. Sebum moisturizes the skin and hair. Acne occurs when the oily glands are stimulated by hormones and this leads to overproduction of sebum. The excess oil clogs pores leading to bacterial growth which may cause swelling and redness.

Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It is characterized by blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible scarring. It primarily affects areas of the skin with a relatively high number of oil glands, including the face, upper part of the chest, and back. The resulting appearance can lead to anxiety, reduced self-esteem and in extreme cases, depression or thoughts of suicide.

Genetics plays a role in its development and manifestation, and may influence which treatments are most effective. Usually involving the presence of excess androgen hormones during puberty in those with acne-prone skin, sebum production within the hair follicles begin increasing. This increase causes the dead skin cells to stick together. The build up of sebum and keratin creates a blockage in the pore. As the sebum increases, it causes bacteria to grow. When the propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria that normally live on skin are trapped within the clogged pore they become activated and multiply quickly. The inflammatory process results in swelling and redness around the blocked pore.

Acne is a skin condition that causes pimples. Pimples form when hair follicles under your skin clog up. Most pimples form on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Anyone can get acne, but it is common in teenagers and young adults. It is not serious, but it can cause scars.

Acne begins when the pores in a person’s skin become clogged with oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. This might happen because of hormones during puberty or because of stress. People who have acne tend to wash their skin more often than other people do, but this doesn’t help clear up acne.

Acne can be treated with over-the-counter medicines and by prescription from a doctor. If a person has severe acne that does not improve with over-the-counter treatments, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or other medicines that help clear up pimples.

What is acne?

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

What are the causes of acne?

Doctors don’t know what exactly causes acne. Hormone changes, such as those during the teenage years and pregnancy, probably play a role. There are many myths about what causes acne. Chocolate and greasy foods are often blamed, but there is little evidence that foods have much effect on acne in most people. Another common myth is that dirty skin causes acne; however, blackheads and pimples are not caused by dirt. Stress doesn’t cause acne, but stress can make it worse.

Acne is a skin condition that shows up as different types of bumps. They include whiteheads, blackheads, red bumps (pimples), and bumps that are filled with pus (cysts). The most common areas for acne to appear are on the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders. While acne is most commonly found in teenagers, people of any age can get acne.

There are many myths about what causes acne. Chocolate and greasy foods are often blamed but there is little evidence to support these claims. One study showed that chocolate does not cause acne but another study suggests that diet may play a role.

Things you can do to help clear your acne:

Cleanse your skin gently with a mild cleanser twice daily.

Use oil-free cosmetics and moisturizers.

Wash off makeup before going to bed.

Only use oil free makeup products such as those made for those who have acne prone skin.

Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes to improve circulation & help keep your skin clean from the inside out.

Don’t touch blemishes on your face or pick at them. This can lead to scars or dark spots as your blemish heals.

Try not to rest

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

The underlying cause of acne is not well understood. Hormone changes are known to play a role in acne development. These changes are associated with the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and use of oral contraceptives. Other hormone changes, such as those seen during puberty or pregnancy, may contribute to the formation of acne.

Acne is a multi-factorial disease. Several factors contribute to its formation. Some factors are:

Genetics

Hormonal activity, such as menstrual cycles and puberty

Stress

Bacteria

Oil (sebum) production**


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