Melasma is the darkening of your skin caused by overproduction of melanin (the pigment that gives your skin its color). Melasma is more common in women than men, and often occurs during pregnancy. It can appear anywhere on your body, but most commonly on your face. The three most common areas for melasma are:
• The forehead
• Above the upper lip
In this article we will discuss some of the causes for melasma and how to reduce production of melanin.
What Causes Melanin Production?
The cause for melasma is multifactorial and varies from person to person. Some of the main reasons people develop hyperpigmentation are:
1. Hormones – Hormones are a huge source of pigment problems. Once you hit puberty, hormones can cause all sorts of skin issues, including acne and brown spots. Birth control pills also increase pigmentation because they contain estrogen, which stimulates melanocytes (pigment producing cells) to produce more melanin. Pregnancy also causes hormonal changes in the body which can trigger melasma.
2. Sun Exposure – UV rays from the sun cause inflammation in the skin and stimulate cells to produce more pigment as a
By now, you probably know what melanin is: that brown-black pigment that’s produced by skin cells called melanocytes. It’s the reason why we have differing skin tones and eye colours.
There are two types of melanin: eumelanin (brown pigment) and pheomelanin (red pigment). The production and distribution of both these melanins are controlled by our genes, which is why some of us are born with darker skin, while others are born with lighter skin.
What you might not know is that your skin tone can change as you get older. Why? The production of melanin becomes increasingly imbalanced as we age. The main culprit behind this imbalance is a hormone called MSH (melanocyte-stimulating hormone), which stimulates the production of eumelanin when there’s too much UV exposure. This leads to hyperpigmentation — an excessive darkening of an area of your skin due to the overproduction of melanin.
5 Ways To Reduce Melanin
Sunscreen Is Your Best Friend
A broad-spectrum sunscreen protects your skin from both UVA rays (which cause premature aging) and UVB rays (which cause sunburn). Sun
Melanin is a pigment that gives your hair, eyes, and skin their color. It’s produced by special cells in your body called melanocytes. These cells are found mostly in your skin, but also in your eye and inner ear.
The most common type of pigmentation is melasma. This is when darker areas appear on the face, often on the forehead, cheeks and upper lip. The darker patches are caused by an increase in melanin production.
Melasma is often related to hormonal changes during pregnancy or as a side effect of birth control pills (oral contraceptives) or hormone replacement therapy. There are also other factors that can cause melasma.
UV radiation from the sun can cause pigmentation because it increases melanin production. Excessive exposure to the sun is a major trigger for melasma and needs to be avoided as much as possible during daylight hours by wearing sunscreen with a high SPF of 50+, protective clothing (hat) and sunglasses with UV protection.
There are other factors that contribute to pigmentation such as stress and genetics (your family history).
Here are some ways you can reduce the production of melanin:
Melanin is the pigment that gives color to your skin, hair and eyes. People who have darker skin tend to have more melanin than those with lighter skin. Melanin is produced by cells called melanocytes, which are found in the outer layer of the skin (epidermis).
Melanin is what protects your skin from the sun. When sunlight hits your skin, it stimulates melanocytes to produce more melanin, a process called melanogenesis. Melanogenesis is what causes tanning. In addition to protecting your body from harmful rays, the increased melanin can serve as an aesthetic benefit for some people. However, increased pigmentation can also be undesirable for others. Excess production of melanin can lead to dark patches on the face and neck known as melasma (also known as chloasma or “the mask of pregnancy”), hyperpigmentation, age spots and other pigmentation issues.
There are many different types of hyperpigmentation that occur for various reasons — diet, sun exposure and hormones — but I will focus specifically on reducing excess melanin production if you already have some form of hyperpigmentation.
Melanin is the substance that gives color to the skin and all other parts of the body. The more melanin, the darker the skin will be. Melanin is produced by cells called melanocytes in the bottom layer of our skin (also known as the epidermis).
Melanin production can be stimulated by many factors including sun exposure, hormone changes, and stress. For example, too much sun exposure will stimulate overproduction of melanin leading to dark patches on the face, freckles or moles.
Here are some tips for reducing melanin production:
1) Use a sunscreen with SPF 30 daily. Sunscreen helps to prevent UV damage which stimulates melanin production.
2) Wear protective clothing such as hats and sunglasses when outdoors.
3) Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. This helps to maintain healthy skin.
4) Avoid sugar. Sugar makes the skin age faster.
5) Drink lots of water to keep your skin hydrated from within..
Melasma is a common skin condition that causes dark, discoloured patches on the face. It’s much more common in women than men. Many people with melasma have it on their cheeks, upper lip, forehead and chin. Melasma can be difficult to treat but there are options available to help lighten or remove the dark patches of discoloured skin.
Melanin is a type of pigment produced by cells called melanocytes. Melanocytes produce larger amounts of melanin during sun exposure as a protective mechanism to shield the DNA from damage that can lead to skin cancer. Darker-skinned individuals have more melanin than lighter-skinned people and are therefore better protected against the effects of UV rays.
The extra melanin production can be triggered by hormonal changes (pregnancy, birth control pills), stress, an unhealthy diet and overexposure to the sun (UV radiation). These factors induce an overproduction of melanin which causes dark patches known as melasma or hyperpigmentation.
Melanin is a pigment that is produced by melanocytes in the skin. Melanin is responsible for giving our skin its color and protects us from the sun’s damaging UV rays. The amount of melanin your body produces depends on your genetics, as well as your exposure to sunlight.
The enzyme tyrosinase converts tyrosine into melanin. Tyrosine is an amino acid produced by the body from the essential amino acid phenylalanine. This is why it’s important to include foods rich in these amino acids in your diet.
Some of the best food sources for tyrosine are:
Nuts and Seeds
If you have very low levels of tyrosine, then it can result in some serious health problems, including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, seizures, ADHD and depression. On the other hand, too much tyrosine can also be problematic since it can lead to high blood pressure, anxiety and nausea.