Skin is the largest organ of the body. It protects our bodies from infections, regulates body temperature, and excretes water and waste through perspiration. It also stores fat, producing vitamin D, a hormone that helps to absorb calcium for healthy bones.
In order to keep our skin healthy, we need to understand how it works. The skin is composed of two layers: the epidermis and the dermis. The outermost layer of the skin is called the epidermis. It is made up of three kinds of cells: basal cells; squamous cells; and melanocytes. Basal cells produce new skin cells while squamous cells make up most of the epidermis. Melanocytes are responsible for making melanin, a pigment that gives our skin its color.
The dermis contains hair follicles and glands that produce sweat, oil and other substances that keep our skin soft and smooth. In addition to these glands, there are also nerve endings that help us feel pain, heat or cold when something touches our skin.
To keep your skin healthy:
1) Keep your skin moist with lotion or cream – this helps fight dryness and scaling from occurring on your skin; especially in the wintertime when it’s cold outside!
Sunlight, pollution, stress and diet all affect the health of your skin. Getting older means that your skin becomes less elastic and dries out more easily. That’s why it is so important to take good care of your skin.
Avoiding the midday sun is a good idea anyway, but it is especially important for people with fair or sensitive skin. If you take medication or have allergies, you may be at greater risk of allergic reactions to sunlight.
If you’re going to be in the sun:
put on a sunscreen every 2 hours, even if it’s cloudy
wear protective clothing such as a shirt and sunglasses
stay out of the sun between 11 am and 3 pm
avoid getting burned
use waterproof sunscreen if you are swimming or sweating
put on plenty of sunscreen if you have lighter skin or lots of moles or freckles
don’t use tanning beds or sunlamps
You can get most of the vitamin D you need by taking supplements and eating foods that contain vitamin D, such as fortified milk, fortified breakfast cereal and fatty fish.
One in five Americans will develop skin cancer in their lifetime. Simple changes can help you reduce your risk.
You may be wondering, how did I get skin cancer? I thought I was doing everything right. This is a question that many people ask themselves today. Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States and more than one million people are diagnosed with it every year. An estimated 90 percent of nonmelanoma skin cancers and 85 percent of melanoma cases are associated with exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun. It can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, ethnicity or geographic location. However, there are steps you can take to lower your chances of getting skin cancer and other conditions caused by exposure to the sun.
May is Melanoma/Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month® (MSCDPM). Here are some tips on how to protect yourself and your family from this serious disease:
Use sunscreen each time you go out in the sun, even during cooler months like spring or fall when UV rays are still present. If you’re going to be out for a while, re-apply every two hours or after swimming or sweating heavily. Remember to apply sunscreen 15 minutes before going outside so it has plenty of time to absorb into your skin.
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. It begins in the melanocytes. These are the cells in your body that make the pigment called melanin, which gives your skin its color.
Melanoma can be serious, but with early detection, it’s highly treatable.
There are two main types of melanoma:
Cutaneous Melanoma: This type of melanoma begins in pigmented cells that are found on the surface of the skin. Cutaneous melanomas can be superficial spreading, nodular, or acral lentiginous types.
Mucosal Melanoma: This type of melanoma starts in pigmented cells that line internal body areas such as the nasal passages and anus.
Skin cancer is the most prevalent cancer in the United States, but it is also one of the most preventable. Skin cancer can be caused by overexposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays. The good news is that you may be able to lower your risk of getting skin cancer by following a few simple steps.
In this article, we will focus on melanoma, which is a type of skin cancer that begins in cells called melanocytes. Melanocytes produce melanin, the pigment that gives skin its natural color. When exposed to the sun, these cells make more pigment, causing the skin to tan.
Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from tanning beds and natural sunlight exposure is a known human carcinogen. It causes multiple types of skin cancers including basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.*
Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer. Melanoma can develop anywhere on the skin, but it most commonly occurs in areas that have had exposure to the sun. These areas include the back, legs, arms and face. It may also occur in areas that don’t receive much sun exposure, including the palms of hands and soles of feet, under fingernails or toenails, or on mucous membranes.
Melanoma is usually characterized by the appearance of a new spot on the skin or a change in an existing freckle or mole. Most melanomas are black or brown, but some can appear pink, tan, white, grey or even be colorless. They can be flat or raised, smooth or rough and dry or scaly. Melanoma may also appear as a new mole.
People with fair skin that freckles easily and who burn rather than tan are at higher risk for melanoma. Other factors that increase your risk for melanoma include UV light exposure from tanning beds and family history of melanoma.
The American Cancer Society estimates there will be 76,000 new cases of invasive melanoma found in 2015 and close to 10,000 Americans will die from this disease this year alone. If
Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer. It arises from pigment-producing cells known as melanocytes and can spread to other organs in the body (metastasize). The most serious threat of melanoma arises from its ability to metastasize, which usually occurs late in the disease.
Melanoma is very rare in African Americans and Hispanics, and much less common than basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers (nonmelanomas) in these populations. But it’s much more common among whites than among people with darker skin pigmentation.
The American Cancer Society estimates for melanoma skin cancer in the United States for 2014 are:
About 76,100 new melanomas will be diagnosed (about 43,890 in men and 32,210 in women)
About 9,710 people are expected to die of melanoma (about 6,470 men and 3,240 women)
The incidence of melanoma has been rising for at least 30 years. This increase has been greater than that of any of the seven most common cancers. If this trend continues, one person out of every 50 is likely to develop melanoma during his or her lifetime.